Currently, coronavirus infection has become the most dangerous disease around the globe. It is known for sure that in 80% of infected people it is mild. But unfortunately, the remaining 20% of people, as well as those who have not received a sufficient amount of drug treatment, may develop pneumonia. Inflammation of the lungs is the most formidable complication of this pathology and can be fatal.
The main symptoms of the disease
Lung inflammation in coronavirus infection is considered an atypical and community-acquired disease. This means that it is due to a mixed microflora and is not associated with habitual pathogens. It should be noted that in addition to inflammatory lesions of the lung tissue, the smallest elements of the respiratory system, namely the alveoli, are affected, which proceeds as viral alveolitis with vasculitis and small thrombosis.
Unfortunately, all this leads to bilateral massive and extremely severe lung damage, which is an obstacle to oxygen saturation of the blood in a normal amount, and this, in turn, leads to insufficient saturation of organs and tissues.
The main feature of the course of this pneumonia is very poor symptomatology against the background of extremely severe changes in the lung tissue, which can only be detected by computed tomography. You can notice dramatic changes in the radiograph against the background of the patient’s complete well-being within a couple of days.
- Rapid heartbeat
- Shortness of breath or breathlessness
- Rapid breathing
- Heavy sweating
This lesion is called hemosiderosis. This is facilitated by the separation of iron ions from hemoglobin. They are deposited in blood cells and fill the alveoli. Because of this, the process of saturation of organs and tissues with oxygen is disrupted. In this regard, the question arises of what exactly is caused by the virus – pneumonia or more serious damage to the lung tissue and the body as a whole.
What an infected person feels
The presence of pneumonia in the patient indicates favor of a moderate or severe course of the disease. The onset is usually mild: dry cough, sore throat, mild fever, and loss of smell. The mild form lasts about 10 days.
After this, the disease can turn into a more severe form: the temperature begins to rise to 38.5 – 40 degrees, fever and chills appear, the intoxication of the body and sweating increase, shortness of breath, and chest pains when coughing and breathing increase.
The cough is most often dry, sometimes there is scanty sputum, which can have a rusty tint due to damage to the capillary network. A full inhalation is impossible due to an increase in shortness of breath. This is the hallmark of coronavirus infection from common pneumonia.
In the classic version of bacterial uncomplicated inflammation of the lung tissue, dyspnea will most often develop when one or more lobes of the lung are affected, usually not reaching high rates at rest. With the development of coronavirus infection, the respiratory rate increases by more than 22 per minute, accompanied by a feeling of lack of air. This all reaches its peak at 6-8 days from the onset of the disease.
It is very important for an infected person to control the state of their body. If you have difficulty breathing and having difficulty breathing, you must immediately seek medical attention and start diagnosing the disease. These symptoms are essential in the diagnosis of this pathology. Respiratory failure is manifested by cyanosis in the area of the nasolabial triangle.
In addition, breathing becomes forced. This means that the intercostal muscles are involved in the respiratory act, and the position of the body becomes forced, to facilitate the patient’s inhalation. At the same time, the ongoing development of a lack of oxygen, especially for the brain, affects the appearance of drowsiness, fainting, panic attacks, and confusion.
What the doctor can note
The most reliable diagnostic method is computed tomography. But we must not forget that the doctor cannot direct any infected person to this procedure, because quite often the disease proceeds without pneumonia. Therefore, the doctor himself decides on the need for diagnostic tests. Changes in X-ray diagnostics, which are recorded by computed tomography, are divided into 4 degrees: at 1 stage of severity – single lesions, and at 4 – “minced meat from the lung.”
But we must not forget that the picture during instrumental research does not always coincide with what the doctor sees and hears from the patient. If the area of the lesions increases significantly within a couple of days, then the patient is given a severe course of the disease. A
characteristic symptom on a radiograph is the “ground glass” syndrome, which appears due to a decrease in the airiness of the lung tissue.
Possible complications for the patient
Coronavirus infection occurs not only in the form of pneumonia but also in various variations of severe, life-threatening complications of the patient. Among them are the following:
- Respiratory failure, most often acute
- Distress syndrome
- Sepsis or septic shock
- Insufficiency of all organs and systems
- Fibrosis of the lung tissue (after an infection)
Drug therapy for the disease
Unfortunately, at the moment there is no specific antiviral drug aimed at treating this pathology. If the patient has pneumonia, he receives antibiotic therapy.